Resource is the fundamental component of Scala-IO. A Resource is essentially anything that has a simple open/close lifecycle. The Resource trait handles the lifecycle for the developer allowing him to focus on the IO logic.
In the typical use-case one of the Resource subclasses will be used. They are more useful in general because they will have one of higher level traits mixed in like Input or Output.
The most typical way to create a Resource is with the Resource object which is a factory method for creating Resource objects from various types of Java objects.
While Resource is the foundation Trait, Input and Output are the Traits most commonly used, The user-facing traits if you will.
Here are a few examples of creating Resources: There are advanced usages of Resource that we will get into in later posts. At the moment I want to focus on Input, Output and Seekable Traits. In later posts we will look at how to integrate with legacy Java APIs and how to access the underlying resource using the loan pattern.
The Input Trait provides methods for accessing the data of the underlying resource in various different way. As bytes, strings, lines, etc...
There are two basic types of methods. Methods that return LongTraversable objects and methods that load the entire Resource into memory. For example:
byteArrayload the entire resource into memory while
charsreturn a LongTraversable.
What is a LongTraversable? That will be the next post :-). Summarized, it is a specialized Lazy/non-strict Traversable.